Hunger and Poverty
Approximately 795 million people, one in nine worldwide, do not have enough to eat. Additionally, the Hunger Project has estimated that roughly 1.4 billion people across the developing world live on less than $1.25 a day. Poverty and hunger are interrelated, together depriving individuals of their basic human needs and limiting essential economic development which in turn weakens individuals’ capacity to overcome these obstacles.
Children whose families cannot afford to send them to school lack the skills and knowledge necessary to access high-skilled employment in adulthood. This stunts individual and economic development and contributes to the cycle of poverty. Basic resources such as food, clean water, and healthcare are less accessible to vulnerable populations such as young people living in poverty. Such young people may also suffer from social discrimination and exclusion which negatively affects their emotional wellbeing and overall development.
The Millennium Development Goals listed poverty eradication as the number one agenda priority. Further, all UN Sustainable Development Programs have also emphasized the eradication of poverty in an effort to develop successful and sustainable futures for young people. Such policy initiatives focus on empowering young people living in poverty to participate in the construction of sustainable living conditions. In the agricultural sector, where the majority of those living in poverty work, the current youth policies range from education programs to the provision of access to resources such as microfinance, financing, seeds, and fertilizers. These programs encourage young people to become entrepreneurs creating a sustainable business through which they can support themselves and overcome poverty.
It is thus necessary to establish policies that help empower youth in poverty. These include: building individual capacity through the transfer of knowledge, information and skills; supporting the modernization and improvement of the agricultural sectors; developing essential programs on nutrition; and acting as a neutral forum for discussions and negotiations.
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Explore the original documents by clicking on the links below:
-UN FAO. The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Available at: <http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4030e.pdf> Accessed: 11th of August 2015.
- The Hunger Project. Know Your World-Facts about Hunger and Poverty. Available at: <http://thp.org/knowledge-center/know-your-world-facts-about-hunger-poverty/> Accessed: 11th of August 2015.
-United Nations. Youth and Hunger. Available at: <http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/documents/youth/fact-sheets/youth-hunger.pdf> Accessed: 13th of September 2015.